# Understanding Fractions K-5

Being familiar with the standards vertically K-5 provides the big picture of how each grade level’s requirements work together to help students develop a deep understanding of fractions. Below we have compiled understanding fractions K-5 teaching resources.

Here is a round-up of simple, standards-aligned ideas and resources to support understanding fraction concepts, models, and computations. Basically, students will use manipulatives, drawings, or numbers to represent and compute varied fraction skills in their math careers from grades K-5.

While Kindergarten doesn’t explicitly have fractions standards, we lead students in seeing how we can compose larger shapes from smaller shapes. Students in this grade level usually identify equal or unequal halves (of food!) in the real world through experiences.

In the same way, in grades one and up, students begin partitioning whole shapes into parts, halves, and quarters, identifying equal and non-equal shapes, and composing and decomposing shapes into two and four equal shares.

Grade 2 is where we begin to address fractions formally. We continue partitioning objects and naming parts, including thirds and eighths (depending on where you live). Second grade is where we write fractions in word form. We understand and explain that the more fractional parts used to make a whole, the smaller the part; the fewer the fractional parts, the larger the part. We can also grasp that equal shares of identical wholes can have different shapes. For example, a rectangle is cut into four equal columns or four equal squares.